This is Part 2 of my multi-part series intended to make you more aware of good security habits (and general computing concepts). I was debating about this or the “Understanding Firewalls” and decided this is more important (albeit only slightly). As always, I highly recommend that you check out the US-CERT website and their cyber security tips as well.
So, what is an Anti-Virus software program, and why do you need one? Before we go into that, we need to discuss viruses (and Trojans) a little. By explicit definition, a virus is a program that self-replicates (makes copies of itself). Trojans are viruses in one sense, however they actively seek out new hosts (computers) to infect– either through e-mail or attempting to connect with operating systems or programs installed on the target. For the most part, you’ll see Trojans more than the traditional virus– but there are a few ‘viruses’ still floating around.
This tip goes into some fairly good detail about anti-virus programs, however it’s a little old. Most newer anti-virus programs use a feature called “Real-time scanning” which means that anything you download gets scanned automatically for viruses or Trojans. Also, they employ a feature called heuristics, which is a “trial and error” approach, using patterns that most viruses follow. Basically, heuristics says If it looks like a virus, or acts like a virus, then I’m going to err on the side of security and call it a virus. (Note: this is a really simplified explanation of how heuristics work in Anti-virus software, and may not be accurate).
****Important note of caution***** With Anti-Virus software (and Anti-Spyware and Firewalls also) the adage of more is better DOES NOT APPLY. If you install more than one Anti-Virus program, they will conflict with each other (and possibly cause your computer to crash). If you’re deciding to switch from one Anti-Virus program to another, you need to make sure that ALL traces of the original are gone. (Symantec offers a program to completely remove their software after the uninstaller finishes– check with other Anti-Virus companies to see if they do the same).
Have a great weekend everyone:-) Next week, I’ll be discussing Firewalls.